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2010-4-18
发表于 2010-4-20 06:48 | |阅读模式
a- =of,on; form,away from,off; out,extremely
a- = not,without
ab- =form,away from,off
abio =abiosis(无生命,无机)
-ability  (~~n,抽象名词)  可...性
-able  (~~adj)  可…的
-ably   (~~adv)  可...地
abs- =from                                eg. abstain        tain=keep
ac-,ad-,af-,ag-,al-,an-,ap-,ar-,as-,at- =in,at,to,加强意义
(加与d,h,j,m,v前时后加d;加于c,k,q前时后加c;
     加于f,g,l,n,p,r,s,t前时双写该字母,ad后不一定接d)
-ac 有…...关系
acanth = spinose (有刺的)
-ace   (~~n,抽象名词)  
-aceous   (~~adj)  
acid,acr =sour(酸的),sharp(锐利的)
-acious  (~~n,抽象名词)  
-acious   (~~adj)  
-acity   (~~n,抽象名词)  性质等
-acle   (~~n,抽象名词)  构成名词
acousto =sound(声音)
acro = high(高)
act =to act(行动)
acuti = acuate(尖的,尖锐的)
-acy   (~~n,抽象名词)  性质等
ad-,ac-,af-,ag-,al-,an-,ap-,ar-,as-,at- =in,at,to,加强意义
(加与d,h,j,m,v前时后加d;加于c,k,q前时后加c;
加于f,g,l,n,p,r,s,t前时双写该字母,ad后不一定接d)
-ade   (~~n,抽象名词)  
aer(o),ar,aro=air(空气)
af-,ac-,ad-,ag-,al-,an-,ap-,ar-,as-,at- =in,at,to,加强意义
(加与d,h,j,m,v前时后加d;加于c,k,q前时后加c;
加于f,g,l,n,p,r,s,t前时双写该字母,ad后不一定接d)
Afro-表“非洲的, 非洲以及....的”之义
ag-,ac-,ad-,af-,al-,an-,ap-,ar-,as-,at- =in,at,to,加强意义
(加与d,h,j,m,v前时后加d;加于c,k,q前时后加c;
加于f,g,l,n,p,r,s,t前时双写该字母,ad后不一定接d)
ag =act
-age,  (~~n,抽象名词)  费用,状态,行为,身份,总称
agog(ue) =to lead(领导)
agr(o) =farm(农)
-aholic,-oholic  (~~人) 嗜好…者
ail,alter,altru,ulter =other(其他的,变更)
-ain   (~~人)
-aire   (~~人)
al- =all
al-,ac-,ad-,af-,ag-,an-,ap-,ar-,as-,at- =in,at,to,加强意义
(加与d,h,j,m,v前时后加d;加于c,k,q前时后加c;
加于f,g,l,n,p,r,s,t前时双写该字母,ad后不一定接d)
al,ol,ul =to nourish(滋养)
-al   (~~人)  "具有…职务的人"
-al   (~~n,抽象名词)  行为,人,物  加于动词后
-al   (~~adj)  
-ality  (~~n,抽象名词)  性
allo = difference(分歧,不同)
-ally   (~~adv)  方式,程度等
alt =high(高的)
alter,ail,altru,ulter =other(其他的) 变更
altru,alter,ail,ulter =other(其他的) 变更
am(i[c]), =to love(爱)
amb =round
ambi- =on both sides,about,around
ambul =walk(行走)
amido =amido(氨基)
amphi(c)-=both sides
ampl=large(巨大)
amylo- 表”淀粉”(amylum)之义
an- =negative(否定) = not,without
an-,ac-,ad-,af-,ag-,al-,ap-,ar-,as-,at- =in,at,to,加强意义
(加与d,h,j,m,v前时后加d;加于c,k,q前时后加c;
加于f,g,l,n,p,r,s,t前时双写该字母,ad后不一定接d)
-an   (~~人)  …地方的人,精通…的人
-an   (~~adj)  
-an   (~~adv)   属于...的
ana- =upon,on,up,apart
-ance   (~~n,抽象名词)  情况等
-ancy   (~~n,抽象名词)  情况等
ancylo =attend(参加)
andro =mankind or masculine(男性或阳性)
-aneity   (~~n,抽象名词)  性质等
anemo- =wind(风)
-aneous   (~~adj)  
ang =to strangle(勒死;窒息)
angio- =vessel(脉管), skin(包被)
angl,angul =angle(角)
Anglo- =Britain(英国)
angul,angl =angle(角)
anim =breath(气息),mind(心)                eg. Unanimous 一致同意的
ann,en(ni) =year(年)
ant(i)- =against,opposite to(与pro-相反)
-ant   (~~人)
-ant   (~~n,抽象名词)  物品和物质名称
-ant   (~~adj)  
ante- =before(与post-相反)
antho- =flower(花)
anthrop(o) =man(人类)
ap-,ac-,ad-,af-,ag-,al-,ar-,as-,at- =in,at,to,加强意义
(加与d,h,j,m,v前时后加d;加于c,k,q前时后加c;
     加于f,g,l,n,p,r,s,t前时双写该字母,ad后不一定接d)
apo- =away
apt =fit(适当的)
aqua, aque=water(水)
aque, aqua=water(水)
ar-,ac-,ad-,af-,ag-,al-,an-,ap-,as-,at- =in,at,to,加强意义
(加与d,h,j,m,v前时后加d;加于c,k,q前时后加c;
     加于f,g,l,n,p,r,s,t前时双写该字母,ad后不一定接d)
ar,aer,aro =air(空气)
-ar   (~~人)
-ar   (~~n,抽象名词)   物品和物质名称
-ar   (~~adj)  
arch =chief, leader,ruler(统治者)
arch(a)eo-  表示“古老的, 原始的”之义
ard=heat(热)
-ard   (~~人)  (贬义)
-arian   (~~adj)  兼名词 (n,a)
-arily   (~~adv)  
-arium   (~~n,抽象名词)  场所
arm =weapons(武器)
aro,ar,aer =air(空气)
art =skill(技巧),art(技术)
-art  (~~人)  "做……的人
arthro = joint(结合)            eg.  arthritis n. 关节炎
-arian  (~~人)  …派别的人
-ary  (~~人)  "从事……的人"
-ary   (~~n,抽象名词)  场所,物
-ary  (~~adj)  
as-,ac-,ad-,af-,ag-,al-,an-,ap-,ar-,at- =in,at,to,加强意义
(加与d,h,j,m,v前时后加d;加于c,k,q前时后加c;
     加于f,g,l,n,p,r,s,t前时双写该字母,ad后不一定接d)
-asm   (~~n,抽象名词)  性质
-ast  (~~人)  
aster, astro=star(星)
-aster   (~~人)   (谦称)
astro, aster =star(星)
at-,ac-,ad-,af-,ag-,al-,an-,ap-,ar-,as- =in,at,to,加强意义
(加与d,h,j,m,v前时后加d;加于c,k,q前时后加c;
     加于f,g,l,n,p,r,s,t前时双写该字母,ad后不一定接d)
-ate  (~~人)
-ate   (~~n,抽象名词)   职位,职权,化学名词
-ate   (~~adj)  
-ate   (~~v.)  成为……处理,作用  其名词形式为ation
-atic   (~~adj)  
-atie   (~~adj)  
-ation   (~~n,抽象名词)  行为,情况
-ative   (~~adj)  与...有关的
atom =air or steam(空气, 蒸汽)
-ator   (~~人)  "做……的人"
-atory   (~~n,抽象名词)  场所, 地点
-atory   (~~adj)
auct,aug =to increase(增强),to make,to grow(使产生,使增大)
aud(io) =sound(声)
aug,auct =to increase(增强),to make,to grow(使产生,使增大)
aur=hear(耳)
auri =gold(金)
aut(o) =self(自我)
aux =to assist (辅助)
avi =bird(鸟)
az(o)- =azote(氮)
bacterio =bacterium(细菌)
band,bond =to beat(捆绑)
bar =bar(横木)
baro =heavy(重),press(压)
bat=to beat(打)
bat,bas =to,go(走)
bas,bat =to,go(走)
baso=base(基础, 底部)
be- =to make,upon,by,to cover with(加以..; 用...)
bell =war(战争)
bene- =well,good(与male相反)
benzo=benzene(苯)
bi(n)- =double,two (bi在元音之前加n)
biblio =book(书)
-bility,  (~~n,抽象名词)   动作,性质,状态
bio =life(生命)
blanc =white(白色)
blasto =embryo(芽, 胚胎)
-ble   (~~adj)  表示"倍数"的含义
brachio =arm(臂)
brachy =short(短)
brew,brev,bri =short(短的)
brev,brew,bri =short(短的)
bri,brev,brew =short(短的)
brig =hit(打,战斗)
broncho =windpipe(气管)
bond,band =to beat(捆绑)
by- =aside,beside,informal(非正式)
caco- =badness(恶)
cad,cas,cid,=to fall(落下,降临)
caeco =caecum(盲肠)
caeno =common(普通, 共同)
caino- =new(新), newly(最近)
calc(i) =calcium(钙)                                         eg. Calcut
calli- =comeliness(美丽)
calor =heat(热)
camp =field(田野)
cand =white(白色),bright(光亮的)
cant,cent,chant =to sing,(唱歌)
cap =heap(头)
cap(t),ceive,cept,cip(ate) =to take(取) to catch(获得)
car =car(车),to run(跑)
carb(o)=carbon(碳)
card =paper(纸)
cardi(o) =heart(心)
carn =flesh(肉)
carpo- =fruit(果实)
caryo-, karyo- =karyon(细胞核)
cas,cad,cid,=to fall(落下)
cast =to throw(投掷)
cata, cath, kata =under(下面),against(对)
cate- =down,downwards,fully
cath, cata=under(下面),against(对)
cauli-, caulo- =caudex(茎)
caulo-, cauli- =caudex(茎)

cav =hollow(中空的)
-ce,  (~~n,抽象名词)   行为,性质,状态
ceal,veal =to hide(隐藏)
ce(e)d,cap(t),ced(e),cess =to go(去),to yield(让步)
ced(e),cap(t),ce(e)d,cess =to go(去),to yield(让步)
ced(e),ce(e)d,cap(t),cess =to go(去),to yield(让步)
ceive,cept, cap(t),cip(ate) =to take(取) to catch(获得)
celer =swift(快速)
celio- =abdomen(腹部)
cellul- =cellular(细胞的)
celo-, coel =cavity(内腔)
cent,cant,chant =to sing,(唱歌)
ceno-, coeno- = common(普通, 共同)
cent =hundred(百)
centi- =one percent (百分之一,厘)
centr-=central(中心)
cephal- =head(头)
cept, cap(t),ceive, cip(ate) =to take(取);to catch(获得)
cern,crel =to separate(分离,区别)
cer(c)- =cauda(尾), caudate(有尾的)
cerebell- =cerebellar(小脑的)
cerebr- =cerebral(大脑的)
cero- =cere(蜡)
cert =sure(确定)
cervi- =deer(鹿), corvine(鹿的)
cervic- =neck(颈部)
cess,cap(t),ced(e),ceed =to go(去),to yield(让步)
cet- =whale(鲸)
chaeto- =thorn(刺),bristle(刚毛)
chalco- =copper(铜), bronze(青铜)
chant,cant,cent =to sing,(唱歌)
cheiro- =bronze(手)
cheli- =pincers(螯)
chem- =chemistry(化学)
chil- =lip(唇)
Chino =China(中国)
Chiro =hand(手)
chlor =green or chlorine(绿, 氯)
chol =gallbladder(胆)
chondrio =cartilage(软骨)
chord, cord =cord(绳索,束缚)
chori =chorion(绒毛膜)
Christo =Christ(基督)
chrom =color(颜色)
chromat =colour or coloration(颜色, 染色)
chromo =colour(颜色)
chron =time(时间)
chrys- =gold(金), golden(金色)
-cian  (~~人)  ...学家
cid,cad,cas=to fall(落下)
cide,cis =to cut(切)
cine- =movie(电影)
cip(ate),cap,capt,cept=to take(取) to catch(获得)
circ(l),cyc =ring(圆,环)
circu(m)- =around,round,about
cirr- =cirri(触毛)
cis,cide =to cut(切)
cis-, citra- =on this side
cite =to call(呼叫),to urge(驱策)
citra-, cis- =on this side
-city  (~~n,抽象名词)   性质
clado =sprout or branch(芽或枝)
cla(i)m =to cry(大叫)  
clar =clear(清楚)
-cle  (~~n,含”小”意)  表示个体、个别
cleido-, cleisto- =lockup(锁住, 闭住)
cleisto-, cleido- =lockup(锁住, 闭住)
climat- = climate(气候)
clin,cliv =to bend(弯曲,倾斜)
cliv,clin =to bend(弯曲,倾斜)
clos,clud,clus =to shut(关闭)
clud,clos,clus =to shut(关闭)
clus,clos,clud =to shut(关闭)
co,com,con,cop,cor,col-=together(一起,相互),with,wholly(完全地)   
(接r,l时双写r,l)
coct =to cook(煮;烹调)
coel, celo- =cavity(内腔)
coeno-, ceno- = common(普通,共同)
cogn(is), gnos =to konw(知道)
col,cult =to till(耕种)
col,co,com,con,cop,cor-=together(一起,相互),with,wholly(完全地)   
(接r,l时双写r,l)
colo- =colon(结肠)
con,co,com,cop,cor,col-=together(一起,相互),with,wholly(完全地)   
(接r,l时双写r,l)
com,co,con,cop,cor,col-=together(一起,相互),with,wholly(完全地)   
(接r,l时双写r,l)
compu =computer (电脑)
commun =common(共同的)
concho =conch(贝壳)
contro,counter =against,contra(相反地)
cop,co,com,con,cor,col-=together(一起,相互),with,wholly(完全地)  
(接r,l时双写r,l)
copro =dung(粪)
cor,co,com,con,cop,col-=together(一起,相互),with,wholly(完全地)   
(接r,l时双写r,l)
coralli- =coral(珊瑚)
cord,chord =cord(绳索,束缚)
corp(or) =boby(身体),group(团体)
cortico- =skin(皮)
cosmo =order(秩序), regularity(调和)
cosm(o) =universe(宇宙)
costo-  =ribbing(肋骨), nervure(翅脉)
count =to count(计算)
counter-,contro- =against,contra(相反地)
cour(s),cur(r) =to run(流,跑)
cover =to cover(掩盖)
crac(y),  (~~n,抽象名词)  "统治,支配"
-craft,  (~~n,抽象名词)  "工艺,技巧"
cranio- =skull(颅骨)
-crat  (~~人)  "某种政体,主义的参加者、支持者"
cre(s),creas =to make(制造),to grow(生长)
creas,cre(s)=to make(制造),to grow(生长)
cre(e)d =to believe(相信)
crel,cern =to separate(分离,区别)
crim =accnsation(控诉),crime(罪行)
crimin =space
crit =to judge(判断)
cross- =across,join
cruc =cross(十字;交叉)
crusta =shell (壳)
cryo kryo=cold(冷、冻)
crypt =hidden (隐藏)
crystall =crystal(结晶)
cub =lie(躺、卧)
-cule  (~~n,含”小”意)
cul=cultivate(培养)
culp =blame(过失),guilt(罪过)
cult,col=to till(耕、种)
cumb =to lie down(横躺)
cupr =cuprum(铜)
cur(r),cour(s) =to run(流,跑)
cure =to take care(注意,留心)
curvi- =bend(弯曲)
cuss =to strike(打击),to shake(摇动)
-cy,  (~~n,抽象名词)  "性质,状态,职位,级别,场所"
cyano- =blue(蓝色), navy blue(深蓝色)
cyber- =computer(计算机)
cyc,circ(l), =ring(圆,环)
cyclo = circularity(圆、圆周)
cymo-,kymo- =wave(波)
cyst- =vesicle(囊, 胞)
de- =down(下),downward(向下)                 (与in相反)
de- =apart,from
de-=negative(否定) 除去,向下,降低, 使成...,加强意义
deb,du =to owe(负债)
dec(a), deka =ten(十), ten times(十倍)
deci- =tenth(十分之一)
dei =god(神)
dem(o) =people(民众)
demono-  =demon(魔鬼)
demi- =half
dendr- =tree(树木)
dent =tooth(牙齿)
derm(a[t])=skin(皮肤)
dex- =right (右,右手,机灵)
di =day(日)
di- =double,twice
dia- =through,between,across
~dica~ =to proclaim(宣称), point out指出
dic(t),dit =to say(说)
dif- =not,against,apart 用在f前
dign =worthy(有价值的)
dipl- =pair(一对), couple(一双)
dis- =not,against,apart,make to        
(有时接以s开头词时要省一个s,如distinct)
dit =give(给)
divid,divis =to divide(分割)
divis,divid =to divide(分割)
doc(t) =to teach(教导)
dogma,dox =opinion(意见)
dom =to tame(驯服),to rule(统治)
dom =dome(圆顶),house(房屋)
-dom,  (~~n,抽象名词)  "等级,领域,状态"
don,dot,dow =to give(给予)
dorm =to sleep(睡眠)
dot,don,dow =to give(给予)
d(o)ud,duo- =two,double
dox,dogma =opinion(意见)
dow,dot,don =to give(给予)
draw =to draw(拉,引)
drom =to run(跑),course(过程)
du =tow(拖)
du,deb =to owe(负债)
duc(t) =to lead(领导,导致)
duo,d(o)ud- =two,double
dur =to last(持续)
dur =to last(持续)
dyn(am) =power(力量)
dys- =not good,not easy(不良,恶)
e- =out, 加强或引申意义
-ean  (~~人)
ec-  “ex-”之变体,表示“出,出的”之义
ecclesio =ecclesia(教堂, 教会)
echin =echinate(有刺的, 有棘皮的)
eco =ecological(生态、生态学的)
eco =house(家)
ecto =outside(外面)
-ectomy =cuttling
-ecue   (~~n)
ed =eat
-ed   (~~adj)  
-ee,  (~~人)  "动作承受者"
-eel   (~~adj)  
-eer   (~~人)  "从事于…的人"
ef- =out,away from 用在f前
ego =I(我),self(自己)
eka- =similar(类),to-be(准)
-el,  (~~n,含”小”意)
electr(o) =electric(电的)
em- =in 用在b,m,p前
em- =to pair (配以..)用在b,m,p前                         em无out 意
em- =make to be..用在b,m,p前
em(pt) =to take(取),to buy(买)
endo =witnin,inside                  eg. endoscope
emper,imper=order(命令),rule(统治)
en- =in,into,on,at,near,make to be
en-=not                                                          en无out意
en(ni) ,ann年 centennial一世纪的
-en  (~~人)  
-en,  (~~n,含”小”意)
-en   (~~adj)   由某种物质形成,制成或生产的含义
-en   (~~v.)   "使成为,引起,使有", 加于名词、形容词后
-ence,  (~~n,抽象名词)  "性质,状况,行为,过程,总量,程度"
-ence    (~~adv)
encephal =encephalon(脑)
-ency,  (~~n,抽象名词)   "性质,状态,行为,过程"
endo- =inside(内部)
-ent  (~~人)
-ent,  (~~n,抽象名词)   物品和物质名称的含义
-ent   (~~adj)  
endo- =inside
epi- =upon(在...上面),to,besides,among
eph-  “向, 反”之义
ept =ability(能力)
equ =epual(相等的) 赤道的,稳定的       
-er,  (~~人)  "从事某职业的人, 某地的人"
-er,  (~~n,抽象名词)  
-er   (~~adj)  表示"比较程度"的含义
-er   (~~v.)  
erg =energe(能量)
err =to wander(流浪;漂泊), to err(偏离正道,犯错,犯罪)
-ern   (~~adj)  表示方向的含义
-ery,  (~~n,抽象名词)  "行为,状态,习性,场所,学科,技术,物"
es-   ex-之变体
-esce   (~~v.)  
-ese,  (~~人)
-ese   (~~adj)   国籍,语种,宗教的含义
eso- =inward,within                  eg. endoscope
-esque   (~~adj)   "相象,类似"的含义
ess,est =to be(存在)
-ess,  (~~人)  女性人称名词
est,ess =to be(存在)
-est  (~~adj)    "比较程度"的含义
-et,  (~~n,含”小”意)
-et  (~~n,抽象名词)  小的
-ete,  (~~adj)  
ethno- =race(种族), peoples(民族)
-etta,-ette  (~~n,含”小”意)
-ette,-etta,  (~~n,含”小”意)
-ety,  (~~n,抽象名词)  "性质,状态"
eu- =excellent(优, 善)
-eur,  (~~人)  …家"
ev =age(年龄,时代)
evit=avoid(避免, 消除)
ex- =out of,fully;former 前任的,以前的;make to be
└------(ex后接以s开头词根时常省去s)
exo- =out
extra- =beyond (以外,超过)
fabl,fabul =to speak(说)
fabul,fabl =to speak(说)
fac =face(面部;正面),forehead(前额);make(制作)
fac(t),fect =to make(做),to do(做;为)
-faction,  (~~n,抽象名词)  "作成,…化,作用"
-facture,  (~~n,抽象名词)  "作成,…化,作用"
fall,fals =to deceive(欺骗)
fals,fall =to deceive(欺骗)
fam =to speak(说,论)
fan,phan =appearance(外观;出现)
fare =to go(走)
febri =fever(发烧)
fect,fac(t) =to make(做),to do(做;为)
feder =federal(联盟)
fem =woman(女人)
femto =quadrillionth (千万亿分之一)
fend,fens,fest =to strike(打击)
fens,fend,fest =to strike(打击)
fer =to carry(运;载),to bear(忍耐)
ferr =contain iron (含铁)
ferv =to boil(沸腾)
-ferous    (~~adj)  bearing(承受)
fess =to speak(说)
fest =festival(节目;祝宴)
fest,fend,fens =to strike(打击)
fibr =fibre(纤维)
fice =make to be(使得…)   eg. effcient,proficient,deficiemcy,
sufficiency,benefic
fict,fig =to feign(假装)
fid =to trust(相信)
fig,fict =to feign(假装)
figur =to shape(形成),figure(形状)
fil =threadlike(线状的),to spin(纺织), threadlike(线状的)
fin(it) =to end(结束),range(范围)
firm =firm(坚固的)
fissi =split(分裂, 裂片)
Fitz =one`s son (...的儿子)
fix =to fasten(缚;固定)
flabelli =fan(扇)
flagr,flam =flame(火焰),to burn(燃烧)
flam,flagr =flame(火焰),to burn(燃烧)
flat =to blow(吹)
flav =yellow(黄色)
flect,flex =to bend(弯曲)
flex,flect =to bend(弯曲)                                 eg. reflex反省
flict =to strike(打击)
flor =flower(花)
flu =to flow(流)
-fold   (~~adj)   "倍数"
-folk  (…人)
foli =leaf(叶子)
for- =away from ,禁止,离去,克制
forc =force(强制)
fore- =before,earlier
form =to form(形成),form(形状)
fort =strong(强壮的)
forth- =towards
found,fund =to pour,base(基础)
fract,frag =to bread(打破)
frag,fract =to bread(打破)
Franco- = Gallo(法国的)
frater =brother(兄弟)       eg. fraternal
frig =cold(冷)
-ful  (~~n,抽象名词)  ...的量
-ful   (~~adj)  表示"充分的"含义
-fully    (~~adv)  有...性质地
fug =to flee(逃、散)
fund,found =base(基础)
fuse =to pour(倾;倒;流)                         [fuse]熔化
-fy   (~~v.)  表示"使……化, 使成"
galact,lact =milk(乳)
gam =marriage(婚姻)
gangli =ganglion(神经节)
gastr gastric(胃的)
gen(er),gen(i)t =to produce(制造;生产),race(种族)
gen(i)t,gen(er) =to produce(制造;生产),race(种族)
geo- =earth(地球)
ger,gest =to carry(运;载)
Germano =Germanic(德意志的)
geront =oldster(老人)
gest,ger =to carry(运;载)
giga =billion(十亿)
glaci =ice(冰)
glor =beautify(美化)
gnos,cogn(is) =to konw(知道)
glosso, glotto =tongue(舌)
glotto, glosso =tongue(舌)
glycol =glycerol(甘油)
gon =angle(角)
gra =graceful(优美),favor(恩泽)
grad,gress =to walk(行走)
Gr(a)eco =Greek(希腊的,希腊人的)
gram,graph =to write(书写)
gran =grain(谷物,谷粒)
grand =grand(大的)
grand-  祖孙关系
graph,gram =to write(书写)
-grapy,  (~~n,抽象名词)  "……学,写法"
grat,gree =to please(喜好)
grav =heavy(重)
gree,grat =to please(喜好)
greg =gather(聚集)
gress,grad =to walk(行走)
gym =naked(裸的)         eg. gymnasium
gyn(eco)- =female(女,雌)
hab(it),hibit =to have(拥有),to keep
haem, hem,hema,hemo =blood(血)
hagi =saint or Holy Land(圣徒,圣地)
hal =sea or salt(海洋, 盐)
hap =accidental(机会,偶发)
hapl =single or simple (单一, 简单)
harmo~=harmony(和谐)
haust =to draw(画)
-head   (~~n,抽象名词)  
hector, hekto- =hundred(百)
heli =sun(太阳)
helic =helical(螺旋)
hem, haem, hema,hemo =blood(血)   eg. hemophilia,hematology
hemi- =half(半)
hendeca =eleven(十一)
hepat =liver(肝)
hepta- =seven(七)
her(it) =inherit(继承)
her,hes =to stick(粘着)
herb =grass(草)
hes,here =to stick(粘着)
-herd  (~~人)  管理家畜者
hetero- =other,different
hexa- =six(六)
hibit,hab =to have(拥有),to keep
holo- =whol,entire(全部)
hom =man(人)
homeo- =similar(相似)
homo- =same(与hetero-相反)
-hood   (~~n,抽象名词)  "资格,身份, 年纪,状态"
horr =to tremble(发抖) 怕
hospit =guest(客人)
hum =human(人类),earth(泥土),lowly(卑贱的)
hydr(a/o) =water(水)
hyper- =above,beyond高,超,过
hypno =sleep(睡眠)
hypo- =under (与hyper-相反)
iatro =medicine(医学,医疗)
-ia   行为,情况
-iac   (~~adj)  
iatr =healing(题目,科)
-ible   (~~adj)  可...的
-ibly    (~~adv)  可...地
ibn =one`s son(...之子)
-ic  (~~人)  …者
-ic   (~~adj)  
-ic(s)  (~~n,抽象名词)  学术性词
-ical   (~~adj)  有...关系
-ice   (~~adj)  
ician  (~~人)
-icist  (~~人)
-icious   (~~adj)
Ichthy =fish(鱼)
Icon =likeness(像)
-id   (~~adj)  
ide(o) =idea(思想,概念)
-idility  (~~n,抽象名词)  能力,资格
idio =personal(个人的),distinct(独特的)
-ie  (~~人)  
-ie  (~~n,含”小”意)  专有名词的昵称
-iff   (~~人)
ig-,il-,im-,in-,ir- =negative(否定)  
(用在b,m,p前双写m;用在l,r前双写该字母)
ig,act,ag=act
ign =igneous(火,燃)
il- =make to be  用在l前
il-,ig-,im-,in-,ir- =negative(否定)  
(用在b,m,p前双写m;用在l,r前双写该字母)
-il   (~~adj)  
ile=be easy
-ile   (~~adj)  
im- =into,make to be 用在b,m,p前
im-,ig-,il-,in-,ir- =negative(否定)  
(用在b,m,p前双写m;用在l,r前双写该字母)
imido- 表示“亚氨基,含亚氨基”之义
imino- 表示“亚氨基”之义
immuno =immunity(免疫)
in- =into,make to be (与de-相反)
in-,ig-,il-,im-,ir- =negative(否定)  
(用在b,m,p前双写m;用在l,r前双写该字母)
-in  (~~n,含”小”意)
Indo- = Indic(印度的, 印度人的)
-ine  (~~人)  "女性人称"
-ine  (~~n,抽象名词)  "带有抽象概念"
-ine   (~~adj)
inequi = inequality(不等的, 不平等地)
infer-,infra- =down,below下,低                   eg. infrared 红外线
Infra-,infer--=down,below下,低
-ing   (~~n,抽象名词)  "动作的过程,结果"
-ing   (~~adj)  
init~ =frist beginning, original(初,始,首)
insul(a) =island(岛屿),isolate(隔绝)
integr =integrity(完整)
intel-,inter- =between,among,mutual(相互)
inter-,intel- =between,among,mutual(相互)
intra-,intro- =inside,inward(与extra-相反)
intro-,intra- =inside,inward(与extra-相反)
-ion  (~~n,抽象名词)   "行为的过程,结果,状况"
-ior   (~~adj)  
-ious  (~~adj)  
-ique  (~~adj)  
ir- =inside,inward 用在r前
ir-,ig-,il-,im-,in- =negative(否定)  
(用在b,m,p前双写m;用在l,r前双写该字母)
-ise   (~~n,抽象名词)  "性质,状态"
-ise   (~~v.)  使...化
-ish  (~~adj)  灭,废,完,死
-ish   (~~v.)  表示"使,令"
-isk, -iscus =small        eg. asterisk
-ism   (~~n,抽象名词)  "制度,主义,行为"
iso- =equal,identical
-ist  (~~人)    "研究…者,信仰…者"
it =to go(走)
-it  (~~n,抽象名词)   ...的动作
-ital  (~~adj)  
-ite  (~~人)  
-ite   (~~adj)
-itis   (~~n)  …炎症
-itude  (~~n,抽象名词)   表状态,
-ity   (~~n,抽象名词)  "性质,状态,程度"
-ive  (~~人)   "动作者,行为者"
-ive  (~~adj)  
-ize   (~~v.)   "做成,变成,
jac,je(c)t =to throw(投;掷)
Japano- = Japan(日本)
je(c)t,jac =to throw(投;掷)
jejun = jejunum(空肠)
joice =joy(欢乐)
join,jug,junct =to join(加入,连接)
journ =day(一日)
junct,join,jug =to join(加入),connect(连接)
jud =to judge(判断)
Judaeo- = Judaic(犹太的)
jug,join,junct =to join(加入,连接)
jur =to swear(发誓)
juris,just =law(法律),right(正义)
just,juris =law(法律),right(正义)
juven =young(年轻)
karyo, caryo =karyon(细胞核)
kata, cata, cath, =under(下面),against(对)
ker- 表示强烈的抨击,撞击声
kerat =cutin(角, 角质)
ket = ketone(酮)
kilo- =thousand(千)
kin(to) =movement(运动)
-kin  (~~n,含”小”意)
kryo,cryo =cold(冷、冻)
Kurt =plump(鼓起, 凸出)
kymo,cymo =wave(波)
kypho = bend forward(向前弯曲)
labio =lip(唇)
labo(u)r =to work(工作)
lact,galact =milk(乳)
laevo,levo =left (左)
lalo =diction(言语)
lamelli =slice(薄片) gill lamella(鳃瓣)
laps =to slip,to glide(滑;溜)
laryng =laryngic(喉的)  gular(喉部的)
lat~=late(后,迟)
late =to bring(带来),to bear(搬运)
later =side(侧面,边)
lati =broad(宽,阔的)
lav,lau,luv,lut =to wash(洗)
lau,lav,luv,lut =to wash(洗)
lax,lyse =to loosen(放松)
-le  (~~n,含”小”意)
-le  (~~v.)  
lect,leg,lig=to choose,to gather,to read
leg,lect,lig=to choose,to gather,to read
leg(is) =law(法律)
lepido =squama(鳞), flake(片)
lepto =thin(细小), thin(瘦)
-less,  (~~adj)  表示否定
-let  (~~n,含”小”意)
lev =to raise(升;举),light(轻的)
levo, laevo =left (左)
lia =implication(牵连), relation(联系)
liber =free(自由的)
lib(r) =book(书籍)
lic =to be permitted(被允许;被准许)
lif,liv=life(生命)
lig =to bind(绑)                                eg. oblige迫使,责成
lig,leg,lect=to choose,to gather,to read
lign =wood(木)
-like   (~~adj)    "相象,类似"
-ling  (~~n,含”小”意)  (轻蔑)
-ling   (~~adv)  
lingu =tongue(舌头),language(语言)
lip =adipose(脂肪的)
liqu =fluid(液体)
lite,lith =stone(石)
liter =letter(文字)
lith,lite =stone(石)
liv,lif =life(生命)
loc =place(场所)
loco =from a place to another place(从一处至另一处)
log(o),log(ue),loqu,locut =to speak(说话)
-logist  (~~人)  …学家
-logy  (~~n,抽象名词)   学科
long,leng,ling=long(长的)
-long    (~~adv)  
loqu,locut,log(o)=to speak(说话)
luc,lust(r)=bright(明亮的)
lud =to play(扮演;游戏)
lumin =light(光)
lun =moon (月亮)
lust(r),luc =bright(明亮的)
-ly   (~~adj)    "相象,类似"
-ly   (~~adv)
lymph =lymphoid(淋巴的), lymphangial(淋巴管的)
lyse,lax =to loosen(放松)
macro- =large,long
mal(e-) =badly,ill(与bene-相反)
magn,maj,max =great(伟大的;壮大的)
magneto- = magnetism(磁性)
magni- =large,long(大)        (用于a前省i )
maj,magn,max =great(伟大的;壮大的)
mal(e) =bad(坏), mistake(错误)
-man  (~~人)
man =hand(手)
man =dwell(居住),stay(停留)
man,manu =hand(手) 手法
mand,mend =to order(命令),to entrust(委托)
-mania   (~~人)  对某事狂热的人
mar =sea(海)
mark =to mark(作记号),boundary(边界)
masto =nipple(乳头), breast(RF)
matr,mater,metro =mother(母亲)
-mate                                [mate]配偶
mater,matr,metro =mother(母亲)
max,maj,magn =great(伟大的;壮大的)
meas,mens,met(e)r =to measure(测量)
mechan =machine(机器)
medi =middle(中间)
medic(o) =heal (医)
mega =huge(大), million times(一百万倍)
megalo =huge(巨大的), deviant distend(不正常的扩张)
melan =black(黑色)
memor,menber =to remember(记忆)
menber,memor =to remember(记忆)
mend,mand =to order(命令),to entrust(委托)
mens,meas,met(e)r =to measure(测量)
ment =to think(想),mind(心智)
-ment,  (~~n,抽象名词)   行为,状态,结果,物
meno =month(月), catamenia(月经)
merc(h) =to trade(贸易),reward(报酬)
mere =part,segment(部分)
merg,mers =to sink,to dip(沉)                                 [merge]合并
meso =middle(中间), center(中央)
meta- =beyond         eg. metaphysical
meta,met =behind,between      eg. metacognition
met(e)r,meas,mens =to measure(测量)
meth(o) =methyl(甲基)
metri,meter =measure(测量)
metro =measure(测量, 度量)
metro,mater,matr =mother(母亲)
micro- =small(小)
mid- =middle(中间)
migr =to remove(移动),to wander(漂泊)
milit =soldier(士兵),to fight(战斗)
milli =thousand,thousandth(千分之一)
min =to jut,to project(显著)
min =small(小的)
minist =engage(经营),be in charge of (掌管)
mir =to wonder(惊讶),to behold(看见)
mis- =wrong(ly)(错的),bad(ly)(坏的)
miso =distaste(嫌恶)
miss,mit =to send(送),to throw(投;掷)                        eg. mission(使命)
mit,miss =to send(送),to throw(投;掷)
mix =to mix(混合)
mob,mot,mov=move(移动)
mock- =mock(假装的)
mod =manner(方法)
mon =to advise(忠告),to remind(提醒),warn    eg. premonition
-monger   (~~人)  制造者
mon(o)- =single,sole,alone,one
monstr =so show(表示)
-mony   (~~n,抽象名词)  "动作的结果,状态"
morph =form, modality(形, 形体, 形态)
mor =custom(风俗;习惯)
mor(t) =death(死亡)              eg.  mortal
morph =form(形状;形态)
mot,mob,mov=move(移动)
-most    (~~adj)    "比较程度"
mount =mountain(山),to ascend(上升)
mov,mob,mot=move(移动)
mult(i)- =many,much
muni =service(服务的,市政的)
mur =wall(墙)
mus =art(艺术)
mut =to change(改变)
my(c)(o) = muscle(肌肉)
myriad =myriad(一万)
myst =mystery(神秘)
nano =terribly(极小),billionth(十亿分之一)
nat =born(天生,出生)
nau(t),nav =ship(船)
nav,nau(t) =ship(船)
ne- =negative(否定)
necro =death(死亡),dead(死亡的)
nect,nex =to bind(绑;连结)
neg- =negative(否定)
neg =to deny(否定)
negr,nigr =black(黑)
neo- =new(新的)
nerv,neur(o) =nerve(神经)
-ness,  (~~n,抽象名词)   "性质,状态,程度" 加于形容词后
neur(o),nerv =nerve(神经)
neutr =neither(两者都不),neutralization(中和)
nex,nect =to bind(绑;连结)
nihil =nothing(无;虚无)
-nik   (~~n,实意名词)   “…的人”
nitro =nitryl(硝基), saltpeter(硝石)
noc,nox =harmfulness(有害)
noct =night(夜晚)
nomen,nomin =name(名字)
nomin,nomen =name(名字)
-nomy,  (~~n,抽象名词)   "…学;…术"
non- =negative(否定)
norm =rule(规则),norm(标准)
not(e) =to mark(标示)
nounce,nunci =to report(报告)
nov =new(新的)
nox,noc =harmfulness(有害)
nul,null =nothing(无)
num(b)er =number(数),to count(计数)
nutri =to nourish(滋养,孕育)
nym,onym =word,name
-o  (~~n,实意名词) 表示音乐、乐器、人、物。或者抽象名词。
ob,oc,of,op =as,towards,at,before,upon,over,about,near,against
(用在b,c,f,p前,要双写该字母,其他字母前则不必)
oc,ob,of,op =as,towards,at,before,upon,over,about,near,against
(用在b,c,f,p前,要双写该字母,其他字母前则不必)
-ock  (~~n,含”小”意)  
-ocracy  (~~~~n)  统治,政治,制度,主义
-ocrat  (~~~~人)  某党派的成员,某主义的信奉者
octa- =eight(八)
ocul =eye(眼睛)
odonto =tooth(牙齿)
-oholic,-aholic   (~~人) 嗜好…者
-oid =resembling, like-shaed     eg. asteroid, spheroid
of,ob,oc, op =as,towards,at,before,upon,over,about,near,against
(用在b,c,f,p前,要双写该字母,其他字母前则不必)
ol,al,ul =to nourish(滋养)
oleo =oil(油), oleic(油的)
olesc =grow up
olig =minority(少数)
-ology   (~~~~n) 某学科
omni =whole(全部), overall(总)
-on  (~~人,物,物理名词)
onto =noumenon(本体), being(存在)
onom,onym =name(名字),meaning(意思)
onym,onom =name(名字),meaning(意思)
-ony   (~~n)  物
oo = oogenesis(卵)
-oon   (~~n)  物
op,ob,oc,of =as,towards,at,before,upon,over,about,near,against
(用在b,c,f,p前,要双写该字母,其他字母前则不必)
oper =work(工作)
opt =to wish(希望)
optim =best
opt(o) =eye(眼睛),sight(视力)
-or  (~~人)
-o(u)r  (~~n,抽象名词)   "动作,性质,状态"
ora =to speak(说话),to pray(祈祷)
order,ordin =order(顺序)
ordin,order =order(顺序)
ori =to rise(升起),to begin(开始)
-orium (~~场所,地点)
orn =to decorate(装饰),to furnish(装备)
ornith = bird(鸟)
ortho =straight(直的)
-ory  (~~n,抽象名词)   ...的处所,场所
-ory   (~~adj)
oscillo =the fluctuate of electricity(电流的波动)
-ose   (~~adj)
-osity  (~~n,抽象名词)   "动作,状态"
oss,osteo =bone(骨)
osteo,oss =bone(骨)
ot(o) =ear(耳)  用于元音之前省略o
-ot   (~~n 人或物)
-our  (~~人)
-ous   (~~adj)  "充分的;由某物质形成,制成的"
out- =out,beyond(超越),overly,without,separate
over- =above,across,beyond,,overly(过于),above
over- =overturn(颠倒,反转)
ovi =ovum(卵), egg(蛋)
oxy- = oxygen(氧), hydrogen-oxygen(氢氧化合物)
paci =peace(和平)
pact =to agree(同意),to fasten(系紧)
paedo, pedo =kid(儿童)
pair =equal(相等),prepare(准备)
pal(a)e(o) =old(古, 旧)   用于元音之前省略o
palin-, pali- =back,again            eg. palindrome
pan- =all, every      eg. pantheism, panorama, pandemic
panto =entirely(全), per(每)
par(a)- =beside,beyond,against,contrary to,
be near to,to assist,false
para- =false(假的)     eg. paramilitary, paralegal, parachute
para =assist(辅助)
parl =say(说)
part =a part(部分),to part(分开)
pass =to pass(通过)
pass(i),pati,path =to suffer,feelings,emotion
past =feed(喂,食)
path,pass(i),pati =to suffer,feelings,emotion
pati,pass(i),path =to suffer,feelings,emotion
pater,patr =father(父)      eg. paternal  paternity
path =feeling,suffering    eg. sympathy,apathy,empathy,telepathy
peal =pull(推)
ped,pod =foot(足)
pedo, paedo =kid(儿童)
pel,puls =to drive(推,逐,驱)
pen- =almost(几乎,相近,相似)
pen,pun =to punish(处罚)
pend,pen(s) =to hang(悬挂),to weigh(衡量),cost(花费)
penta =five(五)
peopl,popul,publ= people(民众)
per- =through,thoroughly,away                         [per]每
per =to go through(通过)
peri- =around(围绕)    eg. perimeter, periscope
pet =to fly(飞翔),to seek(寻求),to win(取胜),pleased(喜爱)
petr(o) =stone(石),rock(岩石)                         eg. petroleum石油
phag(o) =eat(吃,噬)
phan,fan =appearance(外观;出现)
phe =to speak(说话)
phen = phenyl(苯基)
phil =like(爱好)         eg. philosophy
phob = phobia(怕、憎恶)
-phobia =exaggerated fear     eg. photophobia,claustrophpbia
phon-,phono- =sound,voice
phosph = phosphoric(磷的)
phot(o) =light(光)
phren =midriff(膈), heart(心灵)
phyl =race(种族)
phys- = be concerned with science
phyt(o) =plant(植物)
pico =millionth(兆分之一)
pict =to paint(描写),picture(画)
pisc =piscatorial(鱼)
plac,pleas =to please(取悦;使高兴)
plain(t) =to beat the breast(捶胸)
plan =flat(平坦的)
plant =to plant(种植),plant(植物)
plaud,plode,plos =to strike(打,击),to clap(鼓掌,拍)
ple(n),plete,pli =to fill(充满),full(满的)
ple,pli(c)=to fold(表“倍;重”之义)
-ple   (~~adj)  表示"倍数"的含义
plete,ple(n),pli =to fill(充满),full(满的)
pli(c),ple(x) =to intersect(交叉),overlap(重叠)
pli,ple(n),plete =to fill(充满),full(满的)
plode,plaud =to strike(打,击),to clap(鼓掌,拍)
plore =to flow out(流出)
plos,plaud,plode =to strike(打,击),to clap(鼓掌,拍)
plus=add
pneumato = air(空气)
pneum =lung(肺)
pod,ped =foot(足)
polis =city(城市)
poly- (~~adj.) 多...的
pol(y) =to sell
poli(t) =state(国家)
pon,pos,pound =to put(放置)
popul,peopl,publ =people(民众)
port =to carry(运送)
port =gate(门)
post- =after,behind(与ante-相反)
pound,pon =to put(放置)
pover =poverty(贫困)
pot =power(力量)            eg. potent, omnipotent,
potent =powerful(有力的)
pre- =before(前;先;预)
prehen =get(in mind)
prec =to pray(祈祷)
preci =price(价值;价格)
preda =prey(掠食),to plunder(掠夺)
prem,prim,prin =first(第一,最初)
preter =exceed(超过)
prim,prem,prin =first(第一,最初)
prin,prem,prim =first(第一,最初)
pris,prehend =to seize(捉;握取)
priv =private(私有的),to deprive(使丧失)
pro- =for,before,forth,forward,in place of,many
to approve of(拥护,亲,赞成 e.g. pro-British亲英的)
proach,proxim =near(接近)
prob,proof, prov =to rest,to try(试),to examine(检查;考试)
-proof   (~~adj)  防…的,不透…的
proper,propri =proper(适当的),one's own(自己的)
pros- =toward,in front       eg.  promote, project
prot(o)- =first(首,初)
psych,psycho =soul(心灵;精神)
pseudo-  (~~adj) 仿...的,假的
psycho =spirit(灵魂, 精神)
pter = wing(羽翼)
puasi- =partly(部分地)
publ,peopl,popul =people(民众)
pugn =to fight(战斗;打架)
puls,pel =to drive(推,逐,驱)
pun,pen =to punish(处罚)
punct =to prick(点,刺)
pur =pure(纯洁的)
purg =to purify(使清洁)
pute =to think(思考)
pyro- =fire(火),hot(热)
quad(ric) =four(四), fourfold(四重)
quali- =quality(质、资格、质量)
quant- =quantity(数、量)
quasi =analogy(类似), to-be(准), half(半)
-que   (~~n,抽象名词)   表概念
quer =search(寻找), seek(探问)
quest,quire,quisit =to seek(追求)
qui(et) =calm(安静的),rest(休息)
quire,quisit,quest =to seek(追求)
quisit,quest,quire =to seek(追求)
quit =to free(使自由),to release(免除)
rad,ras =to scrape(刮;擦的)
radi(c) =root(根)
radi =ray(光线),disperse(发散)
rang,rank =arrange(排列)
rank,rang =arrange(排列)
rap(t =to snatch(掠夺)
ras,rad =to scrape(刮;擦的)
rat,ratio =to reckon(推定),reason(理由;理性)
rav =ravage (蹂躏,掠夺,攫取)
re- =again(再),back(返),against(反)
rect,rig =right(公正的,正当的),straight(直的)
red- = re= again(再),back(返),against(反)
rein- =again (再、复)
reg =to rule(统治),king(王)
rept =to creep(爬行;蔓延)
retro- =backward(向后)
rid,ris =to laugh(笑)
ris,rid =to laugh(笑)
riv =river(河流,流远)
rod,ros =to gnaw(咬,啮)
rog =to ask(询问;要求)
Romano- = Roman(罗马的)
ros,rod =to gnaw(咬,啮)
rot =wheel(轮子),to turn(旋转)
rud =raw(原始的,天然的;粗糙的)
rupt =to break(打破)
rur,rus =country(乡村)
rus,rur =country(乡村)
Russo- =Russia(俄国)
-ry,  (~~n,抽象名词)   "行为,状态,习性"
-s    (~~adv)  
┌------ (词根以s开头接于ex后时常省去s)
sacr,sanct,secr =sacred(神圣的)
sal =salt(盐)
sal,sult =to leap(跳)
sal,san =whole(健全)
sanct,sacr,secr =sacred(神圣的)
sangui =blood(血)
sat(is/ur) =full(充满的)
scal,scan,scend,scent =to climb(攀登)
scan,scal,scend,scent =to climb(攀登)
-scape  (~~n,)  表景象,视野
scend,scal,scan,scent =to climb(攀登)
scent ,scan,scal,scend=to climb(攀登)
schizo, schiz =division,split (分割)
sci =to know(知道)
sciss, seg =cut(切)                             eg. scissors
scribe,script =to write(写)
script,scribe =to write(写)
se- =apart, away from
secr,sacr,sanct =sacred(神圣的)
sec(t) =to cut(切割),apart(部分)
secut,sequ,su =to follow(跟随)
sed,sess,sid =to sit(坐)
seg, sciss =cut(切)
seismo- =earthquake(地震)
self- = selfhood(自我)
sembl,simil=similar(相似)
semi- =half(半)
semin =seed(种子)
sen =old(老的;年长的)
sens,sent =to feel(感觉) , emotion(情感)
sent,sens =to feel(感觉) , emotion(情感)
sep =seven(七)
septi =dissepiment(隔膜,中隔)
sequ,secut,su =to follow(跟随)
sert =to join(结合),to put(放置)                         eg. conserve保存
serv =to serve(服务),to keep(保持)
sesqui =one and a half(一个半)
sess,sed,sid =to sit(坐)
sex-=six(六)
-ship   (~~n,抽象名词)   "情况,性质,身份,职业"
-sion   (~~n,抽象名词)   "行为的过程,结果,状况"
sid,sess,sed =to sit(坐)
sign =to mark(加上记号)
simil,simul =similar(相似)
simul,simil =similar(相似)
Sino- =Chinese(中国的)
sinu =curve(弯曲),sinus(窦)
siphon =tube(管子)  
-sis  (~~n,抽象名词)   性质,状态,动作
sist,stitut,st(a) =to stand(站立;持久;抵抗) 机构、构成
sito =food(食物)
-sman  (~~人)
soci =companion(同伴),to associate(结伴)   eg.  society
sol =alone(独特)
sol =sun(太阳)  后接a     [solar]太阳的
solv,solut =to loosen(松的)
-some   (~~adj)   "相象,类似,引起的"
somn =sleep(睡眠)
son =sound(声音)
soph =wise(聪明的),wisdom(智慧)
sort =kind(种类)
spati=space(空间)
spec,spect,spitc,spic,spis=to see,to look(看见)
speci =special(特别),species(种类)
sper =hope(希望)
sperm = sperm(精虫, 精液)
spers =to scatter(撒;散播)
spher =ball(球;球状物)
spir =to breathe(呼吸)  
spir =coil(盘绕,卷)                eg. spiral
splend =to shine(发光;照耀)
spond,spons =to promise(约定)
spont =by one`s own force(以自力)       eg. spontaneous
st(at),stitut,sist =to stand(站立;持久;抵抗)
stell =star(星)
step-    表示“后,继”之义
-ster  (~~人)   "做…….事情的人"
stereo =noumenal(实体的),solid(立体的)
stitut,sist,st(a) =to stand(站立;持久;抵抗)
still =drop(滴)
stinct,stin(g) =to prick(刺)
stin(g),stinct =to prick(刺)
strain,stress,strict,string =to draw tight(拉紧)
strato =stratus(层云)
stress,strain,strict,string =to draw tight(拉紧)
strict,strain,stress,string =to draw tight(拉紧)
string,strain,stress,strict =to draw tight(拉紧)
stru(ct) =to build(建筑)
su,secut,sequ =to follow(跟随)
suade =to advise(劝告)
sub- =under,downward,second to(次,亚) would-be(准),
a little,furthermore(而且,此外,再者)
subter- = below(在...之下), less than(少于)
suc-,suf-,sum-,sup,sur-,sus- =make to be  (用在c,f,p,r前 双写该字母)
suf-,suc-,sum-,sup,sur-,sus- =make to be  (用在c,f,p,r前 双写该字母)
sulf =sulfurate(硫的,含硫的)
sult,sal =to leap(跳)
sum-,suc-,suf-, sup,sur-,sus- =make to be  (用在c,f,p,r前 双写该字母)
sume,sumpt =to take(拿取)
summ =sum(总数),highest(最高的)
sumpt,sume =to take(拿取)
sup,suc-,suf-,sum-, sur-,sus- =make to be  (用在c,f,p,r前 双写该字母)
super- =above,over,overly
supra- =super,above,beyond
sur- =beyond
sur-,suc-,suf-,sum-,sup,sus- =make to be  (用在c,f,p,r前 双写该字母)
sur =sure(确定的),secure(安全的)
surge,surrect =to rise(立起)
surrect,surge =to rise(立起)
sus-,suc-,suf-,sum-,sup,sur- =make to be  (用在c,f,p,r前 双写该字母)
syl-,sym-,syn-,sys-=together,same(一起,相同)
sym-,syl-,syn-,sys-=together,same(一起,相同)
syn-,syl-,sym-,sys-=together,same(一起,相同)
Syro- =Syria(叙利亚)
sys-,syl-,sym-,syn- =together,same(一起,相同)
-t,  (~~n,抽象名词)  
tac,tic =silent(安静的)
tach =to stake(钉)
tact,ta(n)g =to touch(接触)                         eg. intact 未经触动的
tail =to cut(切割)
tain,ten,tin =to hold,to keep(保持)
ta(n)g,tact =to touch(接触)
-te  (~~adj)  
techn(o) =art(技艺),skill(技术)
tect,teg =to cover(遮蔽)
-teen   (~~adj)   "数量关系"
teg,tect =to cover(遮蔽)
tele- =distant, far off (远程)
temp(or) =time(时间,时机)                        eg. temporary 临时
temper =to moderate(节制;调节)
tempt,tent =to try(尝试)
ten,tain,tin =to hold,to keep(保持)
tend,tens,tent =to stretch(张开) 倾向
teno- =tendon(腱)
tens,tend,tent =to stretch(张开) 倾向
tent,tend,tens =to stretch(张开) 倾向
tent,tempt =to try(尝试)
tenu =thin(细薄的)
tera- =trillion(万亿)
term =boundary(边界)
terr =earth(地)
terr =to frighten(使惊吓)
test =witness(证据)
tetra- =four(四)
text =to weave(编织) 构成
-tive  (~~adj)  
-th   (~~n,抽象名词)   "动作,性质,过程,状态"
-th   (~~adj)   "数量关系"
the(o) =god(神)
therm =heat(热)
therm(o)- =be concerned with heat(热)
thes,thet =to place,to put(置放)
thet,thes =to place,to put(置放)
tic,tac =silent(安静的)
-tic   (~~adj有...关系)  
tim =to fear(害怕)
tin,tain,ten =to hold,to keep(保持)
-tion  (~~n,抽象名词)   "行为的过程,结果,状况"
-tious  (~~adj)  
-tive  (~~adj)  
ton =tone(音调)
tor(t) =to twist(卷缠,扭转)
torn =turn(转)
-tory  (~~n,抽象名词)   场所
tour,torn =to turn(转动)
tox =poison(毒)
tract,trail,treat =to draw(拖,拉)
trail,tract,treat =to draw(拖,拉)
trans- =beyond,across,over,to change(转移,变换) 后接s时省一个s
treat,tract,trail =to draw(拖,拉)
tres- =across(交叉)
tri- =three(三),threefold(三倍)
tribo- = friction(摩擦)
tribut =to pay(付),to bestow(赠与)
trop =to turn(转)
trophy =nutrition,food
tuberculo- =tuberculosis(结核病)
trud,trus =to thrust,to push(插入)
trus,trud =to thrust,to push(插入)
-tude   (~~n,抽象名词)   "性质,状态,程度"
tum =to swell(肿胀)
turb =to disturb(扰乱)
Turco-,Turko- 表示“土耳其,土耳其人,土耳其语”之义
Turko-,Turco-, 表示“土耳其,土耳其人,土耳其语”之义
-ture    (~~n,抽象名词)  
turri- = pagoda(塔)
twi- =two(二)
-ty   (~~n,抽象名词)  
-ty   (~~adj)   "数量关系"
typo- =type(类型)
-ual   (~~adj)    …的
-ular  (~~adj)    …的
ul,ol,al =to nourish(滋养)
-ul    (~~adv)  表示小
ultim =last(最后)
ulter,altru,alter,ail =other(其他的) 变更
ultra- =beyond,extreme                        eg. ultraviolet 紫外线
-um  (~~n,抽象名词)  场所
umbr =shadow(阴影)
-(c)ule  (~~n,含”小”意)
un- =not ; the reversal of an action (行为的反向)
under- =under,beneath,in,less,secondary
un(i)- =one
up- =up,aloft(在上面)
urb =city(城市的)
-ure,  (~~n,抽象名词)  "行为,结果,过程"
uro =urine(尿)
us,ut =to use(使用)
ut,us =to use(使用)
-us    (~~n)
-ute   (~~adj)  
vac(u),van,void =empty(空的)
vad,vas,wad =to go(行走)
vage =to wander(流浪;漂泊)
vail,val =strong(强壮的),worth(价值)
val,vail =strong(强壮的),worth(价值)
van,vac(u),void =empty(空的)
var(i) =diverse(不同的),to change(变化)
vas,vad,wad =to go(行走)
vaso- =vas(血管), spermaduct(输精管)
veal,ceal=to veil (隐蔽)                                        eg. reveal揭露
veg,vig =lively(快活的,有生命力的)
velop =to wrap(包;裹)
ven,vent(多置于词中) =to come(来到)
ventro- =abdomen(腹部), front side(前侧)
venge =to avenge(报仇)
vent(只置词首) =wind(风)
vent(多置词中),ven =to come(来到)
ver =true(真实的;确实的)
verb =word(字;词)
verg =to incline(倾向;倾斜)
vermi- =vermian(蠕虫的)
vers,vert =to turn(移转;改变;转向)
vert,vers =to turn(移转;改变;转向)
vest =to clothe(穿衣),garment(衣服)
vey,vid,vis,view =to see(看见)
vi,via,voy =way(路)
via,vi, voy =way(路)
vice- =in place of;deputy(副的)
vict,vinc =to conquer(征服)
vid,vis,vey,view =to see(看见)
view,vey,vid,vis =to see(看见)
vig,veg =lively(快活的,有生命力的)
vinc,vict =to conquer(征服)
vis,vid,vey,view =to see(看见)
vit,viv =to live(生活)
vitri- =glass(玻璃)
voc(e) =to call(喊叫),voice(声)
void,vac(u),van =empty(空的)
vol =will(意志;意志力)
volut,volve =to roll(滚;卷)
volve,volut =to roll(滚;卷)
vor =to eat(吃)
voy, via, vi =way(路)
vulse =to pluck(摘,采,拉)
wad,vas,vad =to go(行走)
-ward  (~~adj)   表示方向的含义
-wards    (~~adv)  向某方向地
-way(s)   (~~adv)  
with- =against,back,go on with
wis =know(知道)
-wise    (~~adv)
wych-  (用于树名)表示“垂、枝垂”之义
xantho- =yellow(黄色)
xeno- =alien(外来的)
xer- =dryness(干燥)
xiphi- =sword(剑)
xylo- =wood(木)
y-  表过去分词之义
-y  (~~人)  
-y  (~~n,含”小”意)   专有名词的昵称
-y,  (~~n,抽象名词)  "结果,状态,性质,场所,…学,术,昵称"
-y   (~~adj)  
-yer,  (~~人)   从事…职业者
yester-表示“昨日的, 前此的”之义
-yst,  (~~人)  
-yst   (~~n,抽象名词)  物
zinco- =zinc(锌)
zoo =animal (动物)
zymo- =zymolysis(发酵), enzyme(酶)


注意:
字母e在词尾无意义
字母i、o、u在词中常作音节过渡,故有的词中除去词根多出一个这样的字母。若一个词根与其它后缀相连缺乏音节过渡,则须补一个这样的字母。
词根中有字母i者,在词尾时变作y
一个词中必定有词根。
遇到一个词由两个前缀或后缀加上词根组成时,分析其意思要由内而外。
“独体词”——英文中有些词汇没有词根、词缀的构成。

本词根词缀表总结了的蒋真《英语词汇的奥秘》和的刘毅《词根词缀手册》和金山词霸2007版中所列的词根词缀。外加一些其它材料里的资料。
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