考研论坛

 找回密码
 注册

QQ登录

人人连接登陆

查看: 135765|回复: 1210

胡壮麟《语言学教程》(修订版)笔记(2006-11-3全部更新完毕+测试题)

[复制链接]

13

主题

57

帖子

158

积分

一般战友

Rank: 2

精华
4
威望
110
K币
48 元
注册时间
2007-9-20
发表于 2007-9-25 19:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
胡壮麟《语言学教程》(修订版)测试题——第二章:语音


您所查看的帖子来源于考研加油站考研论坛(bbs.kaoyan.com) Chapter 2 Speech Sounds


I.        Choose the best answer. (20%)

1.        Pitch variation is known as __________ when its patterns are imposed on sentences.
        A. intonation                        B. tone                                C. pronunciation                D. voice
2.        Conventionally a __________ is put in slashes (/ /).
        A. allophone                        B. phone                                C. phoneme                        D. morpheme
3.        An aspirated p, an unaspirated p and an unreleased p are __________ of the p phoneme.
        A. analogues                        B. tagmemes                        C. morphemes                        D. allophones
4.        The opening between the vocal cords is sometimes referred to as __________.
        A. glottis                                B. vocal cavity                C. pharynx                        D. uvula
5.        The diphthongs that are made with a movement of the tongue towards the center are known as __________ diphthongs.
        A. wide                                B. closing                        C. narrow                                D. centering
6.        A phoneme is a group of similar sounds called __________.
        A. minimal pairs                B. allomorphs                        C. phones                        D. allophones
7.        Which branch of phonetics concerns the production of speech sounds?
        A. Acoustic phonetics                                                B. Articulatory phonetics
        C. Auditory phonetics                                                D. None of the above
8.        Which one is different from the others according to places of articulation?
        A. [n]                                B. [m]                                C. [ b ]                                D. [p]
9.        Which vowel is different from the others according to the characteristics of vowels?
        A. [i:]                                B. [ u ]                                C. [e]                                D. [ i ]
10.        What kind of sounds can we make when the vocal cords are vibrating?
        A. Voiceless                        B. Voiced                                C. Glottal stop                        D. Consonant

II.        Decide whether the following statements are true or false. (10%)

11.        Suprasegmental phonology refers to the study of phonological properties of units larger than the segment-phoneme, such as syllable, word and sentence.
12.        The air stream provided by the lungs has to undergo a number of modification to acquire the quality of a speech sound.
13.        Two sounds are in free variation when they occur in the same environment and do not contrast, namely, the substitution of one for the other does not produce a different word, but merely a different pronunciation.
14.        [p] is a voiced bilabial stop.
15.        Acoustic phonetics is concerned with the perception of speech sounds.
16.        All syllables must have a nucleus but not all syllables contain an onset and a coda.
17.        When pure vowels or monophthongs are pronounced, no vowel glides take place.
18.        According to the length or tenseness of the pronunciation, vowels can be divided into tense vs. lax or long vs. short.
19.        Received Pronunciation is the pronunciation accepted by most people.
20.        The maximal onset principle states that when there is a choice as to where to place a consonant, it is put into the coda rather than the onset.

III.        Fill in the blanks. (20%)

21.        Consonant sounds can be either __________ or __________, while all vowel sounds are __________.
22.        Consonant sounds can also be made when two organs of speech in the mouth are brought close together so that the air is pushed out between them, causing __________.
23.        The qualities of vowels depend upon the position of the __________ and the lips.
24.        One element in the description of vowels is the part of the tongue which is at the highest point in the mouth. A second element is the __________ to which that part of the tongue is raised.
25.        Consonants differ from vowels in that the latter are produced without __________.
26.        In phonological analysis the words fail / veil are distinguishable simply because of the two phonemes /f/ - /v/. This is an example for illustrating __________.
27.        In English there are a number of __________, which are produced by moving from one vowel position to another through intervening positions.
28.        __________ refers to the phenomenon of sounds continually show the influence of their neighbors.
29.        __________ is the smallest linguistic unit.
30.        Speech takes place when the organs of speech move to produce patterns of sound. These movements have an effect on the __________ coming from the lungs.

IV.        Explain the following terms, using examples. (20%)

31.        Sound assimilation
32.        Suprasegmental feature
33.        Complementary distribution
34.        Distinctive features

V.        Answer the following questions. (20%)

35.        What is acoustic phonetics?(中国人民大学,2003)
36.        What are the differences between voiced sounds and voiceless sounds in terms of articulation?(南开大学,2004)

VI.        Analyze the following situation. (20%)

37.        Write the symbol that corresponds to each of the following phonetic descriptions; then give an English word that contains this sound. Example: voiced alveolar stop [d] dog. (青岛海洋大学,1999)
        (1)        voiceless bilabial unaspirated stop
        (2)        low front vowel
        (3)        lateral liquid
        (4)        velar nasal
        (5)        voiced interdental fricative


以下内容跟帖回复才能看到
==============================

Key:
I.
1~5        ACDAA                                        6~10 DBABB
II.
11~15 TTTFF                                        16~20 TTTFF
III.
21. voiced, voiceless, voiced                22. friction
23. tongue                                        24. height
25. obstruction                                        26. minimal pairs
27. diphthongs                                        28. Co-articulation
29. Phonemes                                        30. air stream
IV.
31.        Sound assimilation: Speech sounds seldom occur in isolation. In connected speech, under the influence of their neighbors, are replaced by other sounds. Sometimes two neighboring sounds influence each other and are replaced by a third sound which is different from both original sounds. This process is called sound assimilation.
32.        Suprasegmental feature: The phonetic features that occur above the level of the segments are called suprasegmental features; these are the phonological properties of such units as the syllable, the word, and the sentence. The main suprasegmental ones includes stress, intonation, and tone.
33.        Complementary distribution: The different allophones of the same phoneme never occur in the same phonetic context. When two or more allophones of one phoneme never occur in the same linguistic environment they are said to be in complementary distribution.
34.        Distinctive features: It refers to the features that can distinguish one phoneme from another. If we can group the phonemes into two categories: one with this feature and the other without, this feature is called a distinctive feature.
V.
35.
Acoustic phonetics deals with the transmission of speech sounds through the air. When a speech sound is produced it causes minor air disturbances (sound waves). Various instruments are used to measure the characteristics of these sound waves.
36.
        When the vocal cords are spread apart, the air from the lungs passes between them unimpeded. Sounds produced in this way are described as voiceless; consonants [p, s, t] are produced in this way. But when the vocal cords are drawn together, the air from the lungs repeatedly pushes them apart as it passes through, creating a vibration effect. Sounds produced in this way are described as voiced. [b, z, d] are voiced consonants.
VI.
37.
Omit.

评分

参与人数 1威望 +30 收起 理由
控制面板 + 30 精品文章

查看全部评分

回复

使用道具 举报

0

主题

46

帖子

97

积分

新手上路

Rank: 1

精华
0
威望
0
K币
97 元
注册时间
2008-1-22
发表于 2008-2-2 20:23 | 显示全部楼层
坐沙发,你的帖子都顶了
回复

使用道具 举报

6

主题

60

帖子

197

积分

一般战友

Rank: 2

精华
0
威望
90
K币
107 元
注册时间
2007-7-23
发表于 2008-2-5 13:10 | 显示全部楼层

谁的二外参考书是<法语>,商务印书馆.北大外语系主编 的?

同志们,这本书很老啊,可是偏偏那个学校就把这个定为参考书了.
好不容易终于买到了书.
谁有它的听力磁带或MP3呢?
大家谁学的是这本书啊?
谢谢大家了!
回复

使用道具 举报

0

主题

3

帖子

6

积分

新手上路

Rank: 1

精华
0
威望
0
K币
6 元
注册时间
2008-2-1
发表于 2008-2-9 14:01 | 显示全部楼层

niu

[qq:13] [qq:13] [qq:13]
回复

使用道具 举报

0

主题

3

帖子

6

积分

新手上路

Rank: 1

精华
0
威望
0
K币
6 元
注册时间
2008-2-1
发表于 2008-2-9 14:05 | 显示全部楼层

没有笔记啊

只有题目,没笔记啊?
回复

使用道具 举报

4

主题

22

帖子

86

积分

新手上路

Rank: 1

精华
1
威望
35
K币
51 元
注册时间
2008-2-13
发表于 2008-2-14 15:19 | 显示全部楼层

不错,

我也想学这本书
回复

使用道具 举报

头像被屏蔽

1

主题

36

帖子

106

积分

Banned

精华
0
威望
60
K币
46 元
注册时间
2007-10-13
发表于 2008-2-14 16:13 | 显示全部楼层
[BAD CONTENT]
回复

使用道具 举报

头像被屏蔽

1

主题

36

帖子

106

积分

Banned

精华
0
威望
60
K币
46 元
注册时间
2007-10-13
发表于 2008-2-14 16:14 | 显示全部楼层
[BAD CONTENT]
回复

使用道具 举报

1

主题

18

帖子

36

积分

新手上路

Rank: 1

精华
0
威望
0
K币
36 元
注册时间
2008-2-18
发表于 2008-2-20 14:23 | 显示全部楼层
笔记在哪里呢?
回复

使用道具 举报

1

主题

13

帖子

28

积分

新手上路

Rank: 1

精华
0
威望
0
K币
28 元
注册时间
2007-10-7
发表于 2008-2-27 21:22 | 显示全部楼层
顶!
谢楼主!
回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册 人人连接登陆

本版积分规则   

关闭

您还剩5次免费下载资料的机会哦~

扫描二维码下载资料

使用手机端考研帮,进入扫一扫
在“我”中打开扫一扫,
扫描二维码下载资料



关于我们|商务合作|小黑屋|手机版|联系我们|服务条款|隐私保护|帮学堂| 网站地图|院校地图|漏洞提交|考研帮   

GMT+8, 2018-10-22 09:53 , Processed in 0.131174 second(s), Total 21, Slave 21(Usage:9.5M, Links:[2]1_1,1) queries , Memcache On.

Powered by Discuz!

© 2001-2017 考研 Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表
× 关闭